Back Pain

Posted on 6. 23. 15 | By Vida Vibrante | 5:45 am | Updated 5:46 pm

There are many factors that inflict pain on the back. Some examples include a car accident, work in the garden, work around the house, strenuous activities like sports or even stress on tissues and bones. Usually, acute back pain lasts anything from a few days to a few weeks whereas chronic back pain can last for up to 3 months or more. According to the NCBI, back pains although lower at the younger ages for both the Hispanic and Black females; it increased up at age 60 making it more common in those communities than in the White community.

Causes

There are many things that can cause back pain. For example:

• Strain- injury to a muscle where the muscles tissues tear because of
overstretching
• Spondylitis- this is the inflammation and eventual swelling of the joints between the spinal cord and the joints between the pelvis and spine
• Spinal stenosis-narrowing of the spine causing pressure build up in the spinal
cord making the nerves to leave the spinal column
• Sciatica- pain, numbness or tingling sensation in the leg due to pressure on the sciatic nerve
• Herniated disk-this is where the cushion sitting between the spinal bones is
dislocated
• Injury from accidents, sprains, falls or fractures also may cause back pain.
• Other diseases i.e. kidney stones, infections, pregnancy, arthritis, fibromyalgia or even stress, tumors

Symptoms

• Pain originating from front, back or side of the leg or may be persistent on the
lower back
• Worsening of the pain during activity
• Pain worsens at night or when sitting for long hours
• Due to severe lower back pain, you might not be in a position stand straight
• Sharp pain in the lower back, neck or upper back when engaging in some
strenuous activity
• Pain or stiffness along the spine that is severe.

Exams and Tests

Usually, the doctor will take your medical history and might also conduct the following tests:

• Blood tests
• Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
• Computed Tomography (CT) scan
• X-rays

Treatment

• The first treatment for back pains is home care. Experts mostly recommend a day or two for bed rest.
• Pain killers are also another option for controlling pain i.e. acetaminophen and ibuprofen.
• Application of either ice or heat on the affected area or both helps in relieving the pain.
• Exercise is good. But, it should only be restricted to the acute back pains rather than the chronic ones.
• Behavior changes i.e. changing how you sit, walk, wear appropriate shoes,
eating a healthy diet, and quit smoking.
• The medical expert might also suggest the use of steroid injections to lessen the pain
• Acupuncture
• Manipulation if the spine by a doctor
• Surgery-but this is usually the last resort. If and only if the doctor deems
necessary

Prevention

Since prevention is better than cure, here are some of the preventive mechanisms you can practice:

• Lift weights and perform other exercise using correct form. Not positioning your body in the correct way will cause your back to be strained.
• Use chairs that swivel for sitting
• Sleep on a mattress that is neither too hard nor too soft
• While lifting heavy things, bend your knees and tighten your stomach muscles to avoid injury on the back as well as keep you in balance.

 

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