There are many factors that inflict pain on the back. Some examples include a car accident, work in the garden, work around the house, strenuous activities like sports or even stress on tissues and bones. Usually, acute back pain lasts anything from a few days to a few weeks whereas chronic back pain can last for up to 3 months or more. According to the NCBI, back pains although lower at the younger ages for both the Hispanic and Black females; it increased up at age 60 making it more common in those communities than in the White community.
There are many things that can cause back pain. For example:
• Strain- injury to a muscle where the muscles tissues tear because of
• Spondylitis- this is the inflammation and eventual swelling of the joints between the spinal cord and the joints between the pelvis and spine
• Spinal stenosis-narrowing of the spine causing pressure build up in the spinal
cord making the nerves to leave the spinal column
• Sciatica- pain, numbness or tingling sensation in the leg due to pressure on the sciatic nerve
• Herniated disk-this is where the cushion sitting between the spinal bones is
• Injury from accidents, sprains, falls or fractures also may cause back pain.
• Other diseases i.e. kidney stones, infections, pregnancy, arthritis, fibromyalgia or even stress, tumors
• Pain originating from front, back or side of the leg or may be persistent on the
• Worsening of the pain during activity
• Pain worsens at night or when sitting for long hours
• Due to severe lower back pain, you might not be in a position stand straight
• Sharp pain in the lower back, neck or upper back when engaging in some
• Pain or stiffness along the spine that is severe.
Exams and Tests
Usually, the doctor will take your medical history and might also conduct the following tests:
• Blood tests
• Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
• Computed Tomography (CT) scan
• The first treatment for back pains is home care. Experts mostly recommend a day or two for bed rest.
• Pain killers are also another option for controlling pain i.e. acetaminophen and ibuprofen.
• Application of either ice or heat on the affected area or both helps in relieving the pain.
• Exercise is good. But, it should only be restricted to the acute back pains rather than the chronic ones.
• Behavior changes i.e. changing how you sit, walk, wear appropriate shoes,
eating a healthy diet, and quit smoking.
• The medical expert might also suggest the use of steroid injections to lessen the pain
• Manipulation if the spine by a doctor
• Surgery-but this is usually the last resort. If and only if the doctor deems
Since prevention is better than cure, here are some of the preventive mechanisms you can practice:
• Lift weights and perform other exercise using correct form. Not positioning your body in the correct way will cause your back to be strained.
• Use chairs that swivel for sitting
• Sleep on a mattress that is neither too hard nor too soft
• While lifting heavy things, bend your knees and tighten your stomach muscles to avoid injury on the back as well as keep you in balance.