Dogs can have many typical”doggy” smells, including”Frito Paws” and”Popcorn Ears.” These smells, though quite doggily distinctive, are not offensive. Dog breath takes on the smell of whatever object or material on which the dog has been chewing literally. Tennis ball breath, dog food breath, rawhide breath, and (unfortunately) feces breath are not uncommon smells. However, potently breath or a sudden worsening of breath may be an early indication of a problem like one of those mentioned below, if you observe these changes and it is actually important to take your dog to your vet.
Dental Disease: This is among the most common causes of halitosis in dogs. The build-up of food and saliva can result in dental plaque and tartar, similar to that seen in dentistry. This plaque and tartar can lead to periodontal disease and gum inflammation (gingivitis). Along with halitosis, you may notice that your dog is reluctant to have his mouth or to chew. It is necessary to ask your vet about a regular preventative dental health program that includes brushing teeth (with special pet toothpaste, not human toothpaste which may contain ingredients poisonous to your dog), dental treats, and possibly a dental diet to get those teeth sparkling clean and freshen that breath. An dental disease can also lead including pain, disease of other organs or systems, abscesses of the teeth and salivary glands, tooth loss, and difficulty chewing food .
Diet: Smelly diets, such as fish or liver-based foods, may contribute to halitosis.
Foreign Body in the Mouth: Dogs are known for trying to indiscriminately swallow anything that they can get their mouth on. Oral foreign bodies in puppies can contain rubber bands, balls, strings, sticks, bones, and other little objects. A stick wedged between the teeth at the roof of the mouth is among the most common objects that are foreign. They can lead to halitosis, if these objects aren’t removed. Bodies may also be swallowed and lead to obstructions.
Excessive Salivation (Hypersalivation or Ptyalism): This usually occurs secondary to dental, neurologic, or metabolic disease and may result in significant halitosis. The mouth cans accumulate around after drooling, which may contribute to the smell. Lip fold pyodermas (infections around the lips) can form and donate to the halitosis.
Neurological Disease: The cranial nerves control movements of the mouth and tongue. Any cranial nerve problem can affect the ability to open and close the mouth and restrain the tongue, resulting in hypersalivation (see above) and halitosis. In addition, food and debris can collect in the mouth since the dog contributing to a terrible and powerful breath can’t properly swallow or remove the extra food.
Gingivitis/Stomatitis/Inflammatory Oral Disease: Dogs can develop inflammation of the mouth cells. Gingivitis is gum inflammation, and stomatitis is inflammation of the linings of the mouth cells. These conditions in dogs are due to cords corrosive plants or substances diseases, immune processes, or allergies. Dogs can also develop inflammation.
Abscesses, Tumors, or Ulcers: Abscesses of the tooth roots, mouth constructions, nasal cavity, or regions behind the eyes can lead to halitosis, as can tumors in the same locations. Ulcers secondary to tumors, infection, trauma, or metabolic disease may also cause breath.
Conformational Abnormalities: Tooth misalignment, cleft palates (split palate), or oronasal fistulas (holes between the nasal and oral cavity) can all cause bad breath.
Metabolic Disease: Diseases of the liver or kidneys can cause halitosis due to toxin build-up in the blood. Bad breath can be caused by uncontrolled diabetes as a result of molecules that are accumulated that are abnormal. Diseases of intestines and the stomach can lead to halitosis due to inflammation and bacterial overgrowth.
It’s very important to see your veterinarian to identify the cause of halitosis and facilitate treatment. Some of these conditions can be very serious, and early diagnosis and treatment can fix its underlying cause and both the halitosis.